Estimates predict that India will become a country that is highly vulnerable to climate change. As climate change accelerates, India’s farmers face a number of hardships brought about by adverse climate events, including drought, heavy rainfall, floods, extreme temperatures, and storms. Climate risks negatively affect agricultural production, food availability, and social security. India’s agricultural imports are projected to increase as crop yields diminish, which is why securing vital trade routes will be important for India’s food security. In order to prevent hunger, poverty, rural exodus, and social tensions, India must also seek to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and invest in climate-smart farming.