State governments and private businesses are increasingly vulnerable to harmful cyber operations. The scope and versatility of cyberattacks indicate that they could become a key component of warfare in the future. While domestic laws on data privacy may protect consumers, international law lacks a comprehensive treaty on cyber warfare. Such a treaty would resolve ambiguities regarding the attribution of cross-border attacks, self-defense options, and the use of force. This risk report identifies key areas that are particularly vulnerable to international cyberattacks and offers various recommendations for improved cybersecurity initiatives.